By formulating problems beforehand, you will avoid wasting hours in aimless reading. So, in short, a literature review is essential, and you need to put the necessary time into getting it right. If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.
A dissertation literature review can be a time-consuming and challenging chapter to write, especially given all the research and detail involved.
You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M. Fill them in with more details you collected through the research stage.
Lack of writing skills. Abstracts and recommendations Whichever avenue you choose, reading the abstract is often a good starting point to get a sense of what the articles entails.
Explicitly articulate the rationale behind the theoretical aspect to your own findings and the position you have reached by the end of the literature review. You need to take some time away from the project, so make sure to leave space of at least few days between the writing and editing stage.
Access or File Maker Proin an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards. However, you have to realize that not everything you read on the Internet is absolutely true.
How did they go about answering a particular research question? It should outline the focus of the review — in other words, it should clearly state the main topics to be covered.
Remember to identify literature gaps and link this to your own research. The literature review often appears near the start of your dissertation, and is a key part of your overall dissertation structure.
You need to analyze those materials thoroughly and discuss them in the paper. Consider the following pointers: These are some of the most common problems students have when writing their dissertations: A research gap is essentially the existence of a research question, perspective or problem that has not been answered in the existing literature on any field of study.
Read back over the sample and try to perfect this skill. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Next, you think about any gaps in the research or literature you have used, and finally, you write your review using all the preparation and information gathered in the steps prior.
Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.
Here are the points you should include in the proposal: However, conversely, on the other hand, diverges from, antithetical to, differential from… 6.
Trawl online databases for useful dissertations and articles by using their abstracts to consider relevance, use all available university, college and departmental libraries, consult the web for extra resources, and follow footnotes.
You may also note that studies fall into different categories categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature.
The next section of this blog offers 10 top tips on how to ensure you write a great dissertation literature review. Critical attitude Nothing must make it into your literature review which has not been scrutinised, questioned and dissected.
Useful linking words and phrases include: How much time do you plan to spend in the research stage? Significance over content A common mistake in writing a literature review is to get bogged down in flat descriptions of the content of the many books, journals articles and reports that you have been reading.
You must refer to various sources when making a point; see the sample paragraph above for an example of this. Make your voice heard Yes, the whole point of the literature review is to provide a critical analysis and summary of the viewpoints out there, but a critical analysis does include the fact that you need to make your opinion known in the context of the literature.
Did the research stage lead you in an unexpected direction? However, this is not straightforward. Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks.
Moreover, if you find that the literature available is too sparse, or conversely, insurmountable; it is worth reconsidering your research questions to develop a more constrained focus on the topic at hand.
We have a guide that will show you the right direction.If, on the other hand, you're writing a quantitative dissertation, you will focus this chapter on the research questions and hypotheses, information about the population and sample, instrumentation, collection of data, and analysis of data.
To write a good dissertation literature review, you need to have a fair idea of what sources you would like to review. If you haven’t been given a formal reference list by your tutor, refer back to the techniques we recommended earlier.
The way you present the evidence or material in the Literature Review needs to show that you are: Selecting and quoting only the most relevant material for your subject and argument.
Making sense of the quotation within the context of your argument. Introducing and integrating only relevant quotations into your literature review. Writing a Literature Review in a dissertation 3 | P a g e example, you may find that certain studies are no longer relevant or that more evidence is needed to explain certain findings.
Structuring the Literature Review The main part of your literature review will be the discussion and analysis of the literature. Writing a faulty literature review is one of many ways to derail a dissertation.
This article summarizes some pivotal information on how to write a high-quali ty dissertation literature review. How to Write a Masters Dissertation Literature Review One of the most important chapters in a masters dissertation is the masters dissertation literature review.
The results from this chapter help you determine what type of research you need to undertake to fill in the gaps found in the current body of work on a particular topic.Download