Qing leaders wanted military and economic modernisation but without accompanying social or political reforms.
China expected to champion the western powers in the future following the Chinese intelligence and wisdom that was believed to be better than that of the westerners, which was to position China at a better position of superseding them Spence, The ruling enabled the rapid growth and development of the industries, mainly the textile and cotton weaving industry.
The treaties placed China into a weakened position completely exploited by the West with no independence. There were also new enterprises which were established during this regime that involved a collaboration of the government and the merchant enterprises.
This included the establishment of factories and business Self strengthening movement essay which encouraged economic development in the treaty ports and other cities along the coast. Many wanted to learn from the victorious Japanese. These men gave her support. Modernization of China could not arise until the realization that a whole shift in system must take place instead of incorporating old ways with new technology.
Two groups of leaders emerged during this era beginning with the succession of the child Tongzhi. Despite their individual initiated projects, Zeng and Li also collaborated on establishing the Kiangnan Arsenal Shambaugh, Sandschneider, and Zhou, The discontent lead to many revolts against the Qing government including the renowned Taiping Rebellion Self strengthening movement essay nearly succeeded in overthrowing the government.
The weakness of the movement was exposed in the Sino-French War of —when China was unable to defend it tributary state, Annam Vietnam. Conclusion Despite the flaws that were experience on using the self-strengthening movement as a development tool in China as provided above, the movement can be perceived to have placed China at a higher gear of enhancing economic development and restoring of sovereignty through improved military mighty.
Stanford University Press, By the s the Japanese had a constitutional monarchy with an industrial economy and the strongest military in Asia. One was the huge size and diversity of China and the strength of its culture and traditions. Both Tongzhi and Guangxu came to the throne as very young boys the latter was chosen and adopted by Cixi precisely because he was only three years oldnecessitating long regencies.
The movement produced some successful capitalist and military reforms, though most of these were provincially rather than nationally based.
The sponsors of Self-Strengthening tended to be provincial leaders, who initiated projects and reforms that benefited their region. In other words, it was a bait to lure China on accepting the western powers to expand the market for their products that included both technological transfer and export of military weapons to China.
Together with the continual domination of Western powers and the ineffective leadership of the Qing government, a gaining number of educated Chinese became convinced for the need of reforms. Even though the Self strengthening movement was seen as a failure, there was limited success.
This page was written by Glen Kucha and Jennifer Llewellyn. The movement was formed after the defeat of China by the Great Britain in the Opium war, among other series of military defeats of the time.
Training was also among the agendas, and it was to be enhanced through the establishing of a diplomatic office and a college. The Search for Modern China. These efforts would become known as the Self-Strengthening Movement.
These defeats were clear evidence the Self-Strengthening Movement had failed. He later oversaw the development of capitalist enterprises, funded by private business interest but with some government involvement or oversight. The establishment and the steering of the program, self-strengthening movement was spearheaded by a number of leaders that included; Zuo Zong who established Fuzhou Dockyard, Zeng Guo Fan who constructed the Shanghai Arsenal, and Li Hong Zhang who constructed the Nanking and Tientsin Arsenal.
Herein lies the way to self-strengthening. The targeted development areas included the constructing of military arsenals and also the ship manufacturing dockyard which was aimed at empowering the Chinese navy. This was possible because Li was the most influential leader in the movement by that time.
This was enhanced by first establishing an enabling diplomatic relationship by assisting China to develop itself at an exchange of getting permission to run their operations in China.
Thus, Cixi ruled China from until she died in The Last Stand of Chinese Conservatism: Therefore, as a step on strengthening the Chinese military operations, China had no otherwise than just learning from the western powers.
We must search for the means to become their equal … At first they may take the foreigners as their teachers and models; then they may come to the same level and be their equals; finally they may move ahead and surpass them.
Tell us what you need to have done now! During the first phase, the program suffered from a number of deficiencies that made it ineffective.The Self-strengthening Movement () was also named “Yang-Wu Yun-Tung” by the Marxist historians. It is because the movement did not strengthen China and it depended too much on the foreigners.
The Self-Strengthening Movement was a 19th-century push to modernise China, particularly in the fields of industry and defence. Foreign imperialism in China, its defeat in the Second Opium War (), the humiliating Treaty of Tientsin and the Taiping Rebellion () all exposed the dynasty.
Self Strengthening Movement Essay Words | 9 Pages. More about The May 4th Movement in China Essay.
Evaluate the causes and failure of the self-strengthening movement. How did its failure affect China up to ? Words | 7 Pages; Essay on may 4th movement. Free Essay: China’s Self-Strengthening Movement ( - ) is often regarded as a failure.
To what extent do you agree with this assessment? ‘Why are the. Other articles where Self-Strengthening Movement is discussed: China: The Self-Strengthening Movement: Upon the Xianfeng emperor’s death at Chengde inhis antiforeign entourage entered Beijing and seized power, but Cixi, mother of the newly enthroned boy emperor Zaichun (reigned as the Tongzhi emperor, –74/75), and.
However, the era extended into the early part of his successor Guangxu’s reign; the expanded period of restoration is called the Self-Strengthening Movement. Two groups of leaders emerged during this era beginning with the succession of the child Tongzhi.Download